A refugee is a person who: ‘owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable to or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country’
- The UK received 23,507 new applications for asylum by the end of 2013. By comparison within developed countries, Germany was the largest recipient of new asylum claims with 109,600 asylum applications. The United States of America was second with 84,400 asylum applications, followed by South Africa (70,000), France (60,200), and Sweden (54,300).
- Developing countries host over four fifths (80%) of the world’s refugees.
- Last year, 46% of refugees were under 18 years old and 48% were female
- At the end of 2013, the population of refugees, pending asylum cases and stateless persons made up just 0.27%of the population.
- The top tencountries of origin for asylum seekers are: Pakistan (3,343), Iran (2,417), Sri Lanka (1,808), Syria (1,669), Eritrea (1,377), Albania (1,326), Bangladesh (1,123), Afghanistan (1,040), India (965), Nigeria (915).
- The majority of refused asylum seekers are destitute for more than 2 years
(Sources: UNHCR 2013 Global Trends Report, The Home Office Asylum Data Tables January to March 2014 and Red Cross Research ‘A decade of destitution time to make a change’)